Reports

Below are selected reports written by members of our team. Links are included to view the full versions.

Food–Energy–Water Implications of Negative Emissions Technologies s in a +1.5 °C Future

Scenarios for meeting ambitious climate targets rely on large-scale deployment of negative emissions technologies (NETs), including direct air capture (DAC). However, the tradeoffs between food, water and energy created by deploying different NETs are unclear.

Emerging Issues in Decentralized Resource Governance

This paper is a review of some current issues in the field of environmental federalism. Environmental spillovers among political jurisdictions are ubiquitous and likely to increase with increasing population and consumption, so the centralization or decentralization of environmental governance is of pressing concern. 

The Role of Direct Air Capture and Negative Emissions Technologies...

We use the Global Change Analysis Model (GCAM) to understand the role of DACCS across all 5 SSPs for the below 2˚C and below 1.5˚C end-of-century warming goals. We assess DACCS deployment relative to other carbon capture methods, and its side effects for global energy, water, land systems. 

Electricity Sales Forecast 2020-2050

We discuss recent trends in Virginia's electricity demand, including the effect of the Coronavirus pandemic. We then forecast how Virginia's electricity demand will change through 2050 and discuss what will drive these changes.

Developing a Smart Grid for Virginia

We explore smart grid applications, including their costs and benefits. We also review Virginia's recent efforts to develop a smarter grid, and provide recommendations to promote smart grid development that will benefit ratepayers and help Virginia achieve its clean energy goals.

Decarbonizing Virginia's Economy: Pathways to 2050

Recent policy initiatives in Virginia reflect an increased urgency in addressing the state’s contribution to global warming. We analyze quantitatively and comprehensively the actions needed to make Virginia's economy carbon neutral by 2050.

The Soft Costs of Distributed Solar: Best Practice Recommendations for Cost Reduction

We review existing soft costs of adopting distributed solar in the united states. Reducing these costs will play a key role in building a carbon-free economy.

Clean Dispatchable Power Sources

We review technologies that can potentially help Virginia cost-effectively reach net zero carbon energy. We summarize how they function and their development path, assess and compare them along multiple criteria, and provide recommendations for how Virginia should move forward.

Clean Energy Legislation

We evaluate existing laws and regulations that will either aid or hinder Virginia in meeting its decarbonization targets. We also assess several clean-energy policy initiatives, including regulatory innovations in Virginia and other states.

Negative Emissions: Deployment Implications

We examine energy, water, and land use tradeoffs from three NETs (afforestation, bioenergy with carbon capture and storage, and direct air capture).

Negative Emissions Technologies Modeling

We discuss difficulties of modeling Negative Emissions Technologies to study climate change mitigation strategies, and provide insight into how to better do so.

Price-Responsive Supply in Environmental Markets

We evaluate instrument design and the evolution of environmental pricing in a sequential policy environment. We find a price-responsive supply schedule offers multiple advantages

The Effects of “Non-binding” Price Floors

We theoretically investigate the effects of hard and soft price floors in the stochastic, competitive storage model.

Emission Market Design: California Allowances

We use experiments to examine the effects of California’s greenhouse gas emissions controls, and find that they have the potential to cause higher price variability and market manipulation.

Collars for Stabilizing Allowance Prices

We discuss the effects of price and quantity “collars” on emission allowance experiments with random firm-specific and market-level structural shocks.

Issues in Decentralized Resource Governance

We discuss the importance of environmental federalism, spillovers, and linked socio-ecological systems on decentralized resource governance.